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Definition of Fabric & Classification of Fabrics Manufacturing Technology

—Fabric is cloth or other material produced by weaving cotton, nylon, wool, silk, or other threads together. Fabrics are used for making things such as clothes, curtains and sheets

— A cloth produced especially by knitting, weaving or felting fibers.

Fabric Manufacturing Process:

1.—Weaving

2.—Knitting

3.—Non woven

4.—Braiding etc.

1.—Weaving is a method of textile production in which two distinct sets of yarns or threads are interlaced at right angles to form a fabric or cloth. The way the warp and filling threads interlace with each other is called the weaving and the product is called woven fabric.

2.—Knitting is a method by which yarn is manipulated to create a textile or fabric. Knitting creates multiple loops of yarn, called stitches, in a line or tube. Knitting has multiple active stitches on the needle at one time. Knitted fabric consists of a number of consecutive rows of interlocking loops.

3.—Nonwoven fabric is a fabric-like material made from staple fiber (short) and long fibers (continuous long), bonded together by chemical, mechanical, heat or solvent treatment. The term is used in  the textile manufacturing industry to denote fabrics, such as felt, which are neither woven nor knitted.

—Nonwovens are defined by ISO standard 9092 and CEN EN 29092. … “A nonwoven is a sheet of fibres, continuous filaments, or chopped yarns of any nature or origin, that have been formed into a web by any means, and bonded  with the exception of weaving or knitting.

4.—A braid (also referred to as a plait) is a complex structure or pattern formed by interlacing three or more strands of flexible material such as textile yarns, wire, or hair.

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