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Definition of Textile, Textile Fiber & its Primary and Secondary Properties.

Textiles: Generic terms from Latin/French texere ‘ To weave’ originally applied on woven fabrics but now also applied to natural and synthetic filament, yarns, and threads as well as woven, knitted , felted, bonded, knotted and embroidered fabrics made from them and to non woven fabrics produced by mechanically or chemically bonding fiber.

Kinds of textile: Clothing textile: Shirt, Suits and so on.

Home Textile: Sheet, Sheets, Towels, Carpets.

Technical Textile: Cloths of protection for fire brigades or for the industry.

Video: Textile Fiber & It’s properties.

FIBER: Fibers are the basic raw materials for any Textile industry, technically which is defined as a unit of matter, characterized by flexibility, fineness and a high length to the width ratio.

The factors affecting the development and utilization of these fibers include their ability to be spun, their ability in sufficient quantity, the cost or economy of production and the desirability of their properties to consumers.

Types of Fibers: All the textile fibers are classified according to their staple length into two categories:

1. Staple Fibers 2. Filaments.

According to the origin

1. Natural Fibers 2. Manmade fibers

Natural Fibers classified into Animal fiber, Vegetable fiber, Mineral fiber.

Manmade fibers are classified into Regenerated fiber, synthetic fibers, and metal fiber.

Primary Properties of textile fibers:

1. High length to width ratio.

2. Flexibility

3. Spinning Quality ( cohesiveness)

4. Uniformity.

Secondary properties of textile fibers:

1. Physical shape

2. Elastic recovery and elongation

3. Moisture Regain

4. Anti Flammability and other thermal properties.

5. Density

6. Luster

7. Color.

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